Impulsively generated oscillations in a 3D coronal loop
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 July 2009
Aims. The effect of changing the attack angle for the interaction of a fast MHD wave with a 3D coronal loop is studied, to investigate to what extent the properties of the excited transverse kink mode oscillations of the loop depend on this angle.
Methods. 3D numerical simulations are performed of the interaction of a fast MHD wave, generated by a pressure pulse, with a 3D coronal loop. The loop itself is modelled as a density enhancement (with a finite plasma beta) within a magnetic arcade. The initial pressure pulse has a width comparable to the loop diameter and is situated outside of the loop, at the same height as the loop apex. This height is kept fixed but the (horizontal) angle between the pressure pulse and the loop is varied.
Results. We find that the global, transverse kink mode is efficiently excited for a range of attack angles and qualitatively in agreement with theoretical expectations. The period and damping time are found to be independent of the attack angle. For larger values of the attack angle, the global (longitudinal) slow wave is excited, whereas for intermediate values the second harmonic kink mode is also present.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: oscillations / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
© ESO, 2009