Volume 504, Number 3, September IV 2009
|Page(s)||945 - 958|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||27 May 2009|
Possible evidence of asymmetry in SN 2007rt, a type IIn supernova*
Astronomy Research Centre, Department of Physics & Astronomy, School of Mathematics & Physics, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
3 Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
4 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via M. Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy
5 SLOOH Telescopes, 176 West Morris Road, Washington CT, 06793, USA
6 Fundacíon Galileo Galilei-INAF, Telescopio Nazionale Galileo, 38700 Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife, Spain
7 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 17 May 2009
An optical photometric and spectroscopic analysis of the slowly-evolving type IIn SN 2007rt is presented, covering a duration of 481 days after discovery. Its earliest spectrum, taken approximately 100 days after the explosion epoch, indicates the presence of a dense circumstellar medium, with which the supernova ejecta is interacting. This is supported by the slowly-evolving light curve. A notable feature in the spectrum of SN 2007rt is the presence of a broad He i 5875 line, not usually detected in type IIn supernovae. This may imply that the progenitor star has a high He/H ratio, having shed a significant portion of its hydrogen shell via mass-loss. An intermediate resolution spectrum reveals a narrow Hα P-Cygni profile, the absorption component of which has a width of 128 km s-1. This slow velocity suggests that the progenitor of SN 2007rt recently underwent mass-loss with wind speeds comparable to the lower limits of those detected in luminous blue variables. Asymmetries in the line profiles of H and He at early phases bears some resemblance to double-peaked features observed in a number of Ib/c spectra. These asymmetries may be indicative of an asymmetric or bipolar outflow or alternatively dust formation in the fast expanding ejecta. In addition, the late time spectrum, at over 240 days post-explosion, shows clear evidence for the presence of newly formed dust.
Key words: supernovae: individual: SN 2007rt / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: evolution / stars: winds, outflows / stars: supernovae: general
© ESO, 2009
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