Volume 504, Number 2, September III 2009
|Page(s)||673 - 679|
|Published online||15 July 2009|
A search for periodic gravitational waves from three recycled pulsars using the AURIGA detector
An implementation of a modified version of the unified approach method
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento and INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Trento, Sezione di Padova, 38050 Povo, Trento, Italy
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX, USA
3 University of Manchester, Jodrell Bank Observatory, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK11 9DL, UK
4 West Virginia University, Department of Physics, PO Box 6315, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA
5 INAF-Osseratorio di Cagliari, loc. Poggio dei Pini, strada 54, 09012 Capoterra, Italy
Accepted: 4 July 2009
Aims. We report on a search for continuous gravitational wave emission from three recycled radio pulsars, performed by using the data of the resonant detector AURIGA. Given the spin rate of the selected targets – the isolated pulsar PSR J1939+2134 and the binary pulsars PSR J0024-7204J and PSR J0218+4232 – the expected frequency of the emitted gravitational waves falls in the high sensitivity range of the detector.
Methods. The main topic is the method, meaning that the statistical analysis is performed by implementing a slightly modified version of the Feldman and Cousins Unified Approach.
Results. By using ephemerides provided by suitable radio observations of the targets, we were able to demodulate the Doppler shifts within a coherence time of 1 day, and then incoherently sum 10 daily spectra collected from December 8th to December 17th, 2006. We have found upper limits on the gravitational wave amplitudes in the order of a few units of 10-23 at 90% Confidence Level (C.L.), which translate to limits in the ellipticity of the targeted pulsars of at 90% C.L.
Conclusions. The same framework can then be applied to data coming from most sensitive experiments as VIRGO or LIGO; moreover, an application to recently discovered transients in X-ray pulsars is discussed.
Key words: gravitational waves / pulsars: general / methods: data analysis / methods: statistical / techniques: radial velocities
© ESO, 2009
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