This article has an erratum: [erratum]
Volume 503, Number 3, September I 2009
|Page(s)||843 - 854|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||02 July 2009|
Analysis of the infrared spectra of the peculiar post-AGB stars EP Lyrae and HD 52961*
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astrophysics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
3 Division of Optical and IR Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa 2-21-1, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
4 Sterrenkundig Instituut “Anton Pannekoek”, Universiteit Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, US
6 Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 9 June 2009
Aims. We aim to study in detail the peculiar mineralogy and structure of the circumstellar environment of two binary post-AGB stars, EP Lyr and HD 52961. Both stars were selected from a larger sample of evolved disc sources observed with Spitzer and show unique solid-state and gas features in their infrared spectra. Moreover, they show a very small infrared excess in comparison with the other sample stars.
Methods. The different dust and gas species are identified on the basis of high-resolution Spitzer-IRS spectra. We fit the full spectrum to constrain grain sizes and temperature distributions in the discs. This, combined with our broad-band spectral energy distribution and interferometric measurements, allows us to study the physical structure of the disc, using a self-consistent 2D radiative-transfer disc model.
Results. We find that both stars have strong emission features due to CO2 gas, dominated by 12C16O2, but with clear 13C16O2 and even 16O12C18O isotopic signatures. Crystalline silicates are apparent in both sources but proved very hard to model. EP Lyr also shows evidence of mixed chemistry, with emission features of the rare class-C PAHs. Whether these PAHs reside in the oxygen-rich disc or in a carbon-rich outflow is still unclear. With the strongly processed silicates, the mixed chemistry and the low 12C/13C ratio, EP Lyr resembles some silicate J-type stars, although the depleted photosphere makes nucleosynthetic signatures difficult to probe. We find that the disc environment of both sources is, to a first approximation, well modelled with a passive disc, but additional physics such as grain settling, radial dust distributions, and an outflow component must be included to explain the details of the observed spectral energy distributions in both stars.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: binaries: general / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: individual: EP Lyrae / stars: individual: HD 52961
Based on observations made with the 1.2 m Flemish Mercator telescope at Roque de los Muchachos, Spain, the 1.2 m Swiss Euler telescope at La Silla, Chile and on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope (program id 3274), which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA.
© ESO, 2009
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