Volume 502, Number 3, August II 2009
|Page(s)||1015 - 1041|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||19 May 2009|
I. A new catalogue of OB associations
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Vía Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
2 Dpto. de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, Avda. Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Instituto de Astronomía y Meteorología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Vallarta No. 2602, Guadalajara, Jalisco, CP 44130, Mexico
Accepted: 13 April 2009
Context. Determining the parameters of massive stars is crucial to understand many processes in galaxies and the Universe, since these objects are important sources of ionization, chemical enrichment and momentum. 10m class telescopes enable us to perform detailed quantitative spectroscopic analyses of massive stars in other galaxies, sampling areas of different metallicity. Relating the stars to their environment is crucial to understand the physical processes ruling their formation and evolution.
Aims. In preparation for the new instrumentation planned for the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS (GTC), our goal is to build a list of massive star candidates in the metal-poor irregular galaxy IC 1613. The catalogue must have very high astrometric accuracy, suitable for the current generation of multi-object spectrographs. A census of OB associations in this galaxy is also needed, to provide important additional information about the age and environment of the candidate OB stars.
Methods. From observations taken with the Wide Field Camera (WFC) at the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT), we have built an astrometric and photometric catalogue of stars in IC 1613. Candidate blue massive stars are preselected by their colors. A friends-of-friends algorithm is developed to find their clustering in the galaxy. While a common physical origin for all the members of the associations cannot be ensured, this is a necessary first step to place candidate OB stars in a population context.
Results. We have produced a deep catalogue of targets in IC 1613 that covers a large field of view. To achieve high astrometric accuracy, a new astrometric procedure was developed for the INT-WFC data. We also built a catalogue of OB associations in IC 1613 and found that they concentrate in the central regions, especially in the H ii bubbles. The study of extinction confirms that it is patchy, with local values of color-excess above the foreground value.
Key words: stars: early-type / Galaxy: stellar content / galaxies: photometry / galaxies: individual: IC 1613 / astrometry / catalogs
Based on observations made with the Isaac Newton Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at Paranal Observatories under programme ID 078.D-0767.
© ESO, 2009
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