Volume 502, Number 2, August I 2009
|Page(s)||623 - 646|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||15 June 2009|
Spatially resolved mid-infrared observations of the triple system T Tauri*
Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Scheinerstraße 1, 81679 München, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
4 Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, 85758 Neuherberg, Germany
5 Konkoly Observatory of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, PO Box 67, 1525 Budapest, Hungary
6 ZAH, Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
7 University of Kiel, Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Leibnizstraße 15, 24098 Kiel, Germany
Accepted: 20 May 2009
Aims. The aim of this study is to enhance our knowledge of the characteristics and distribution of the circumstellar dust associated with the individual components of the young hierarchical triple system T Tau.
Methods. To reach this goal, observations in the N-band (8–13 μm) with the two-telescope interferometric instrument MIDI at the VLTI were performed. For the northern component of the T Tau system, projected baseline lengths of 43 m, 62 m, and 85 m were used. For the southern binary projected baseline lengths of equivalent resolution could be utilised. Our study is based on both the interferometric and the spectrophotometric measurements and is supplemented by new visual and infrared photometry. Also, the phases were investigated to determine the dominating mid-infrared source in the close southern binary. The data were fit with the help of a sophisticated physical disc model. This model utilises the radiative transfer code MC3D that is based on the Monte-Carlo method.
Results. Extended mid-infrared emission is found around all three components of the system. Simultaneous fits to the photometric and interferometric data confirm the picture of an almost face-on circumstellar disc around T Tau N. Towards this star, the silicate band is seen in emission. This emission feature is used to model the dust content of the circumstellar disc. Clear signs of dust processing are found. Towards T Tau S, the silicate band is seen in absorption. This absorption is strongly pronounced towards the infrared companion T Tau Sa as can be seen from the first individual N-band spectra for the two southern components. Our fits support the previous suggestion that an almost edge-on disc is present around T Tau Sa. This disc is thus misaligned with respect to the circumstellar disc around T Tau N. The interferometric data indicate that the disc around T Tau Sa is oriented in the north-south direction, which favours this source as launching site for the east-western jet. We further determine from the interferometric data the relative positions of the components of the southern binary in the N-band. We find good agreement with recent position measurements in the near-infrared.
Key words: stars: individual: T Tauri / circumstellar matter / stars: pre-main sequence / techniques: interferometric / infrared: stars
© ESO, 2009
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