Volume 501, Number 3, July III 2009
|Page(s)||965 - 971|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters, and populations|
|Published online||19 May 2009|
II. Chemical abundances of stars in 11 young associations in the solar neighborhood
Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
2 ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Portugal
4 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str.2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 26 March 2009
The recently discovered coeval, moving groups of young stellar objects in the solar neighborhood represent invaluable laboratories for studying recent star formation and searching for high metallicity stars that can be included in future exo-planet surveys. In this study, we derived through an uniform and homogeneous method stellar atmospheric parameters and abundances for iron, silicium, and nickel in 63 post-T Tauri stars from 11 nearby young associations. We further compare the results with two different pre-main sequence (PMS) and main sequence (MS) star populations. The stellar atmospheric parameters and the abundances presented here were derived using the equivalent width of individual lines in the stellar spectra by assuming the excitation/ionization equilibrium of iron. Moreover, we compared the observed Balmer lines with synthetic profiles calculated for model atmospheres with a different line-formation code. We found that the synthetic profiles agree reasonably well with the observed profiles, although the Balmer lines of many stars are substantially filled-in, probably by chromospheric emission. Solar metallicity is found to be a common trend in all the nearby young associations studied. The low abundance dispersion within each association strengthens the idea that the origin of these nearby young associations is related to the nearby star-forming regions (SFR). Abundances of elements other than iron are consistent with previous results for Main Sequence stars in the solar neighborhood. The chemical characterization of the members of the newly found nearby young associations, performed in this study and intended to proceed in subsequent works, is essential to understanding and testing the context of local star formation and the evolutionary history of the galaxy.
Key words: stars: pre-main sequence / stars: abundances / open clusters and associations: general / stars: fundamental parameters / solar neighborhood
© ESO, 2009
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