Thermal emission, shock modification, and X-ray emitting ejecta in SN 1006
Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Sezione di Astronomia, Università di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
3 Consorzio COMETA, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy
4 Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna str. 14-b Kiev 03680, Ukraine
5 Astronomical Observatory, Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University, Kiev 04053, Ukraine
6 European Space Operations Centre, ESA, Robert-Bosch-Str. 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany
7 Institute for Applied Problems in Mechanics and Mathematics, Naukova St. 3-b, Lviv 79060, Ukraine
8 Astronomical Observatory, National University, Kyryla and Methodia St. 8, Lviv 79008, Ukraine
9 Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio (IAFE), CC 67, Suc. 28, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Accepted: 18 March 2009
Context. Efficient particle acceleration can modify the structure of supernova remnants. We present the results of a combined analysis of the XMM-Newton EPIC archive observations of SN 1006.
Aims. We attempt to describe the spatial distribution of the physical and chemical properties of the X-ray emitting plasma at the shock front. We investigate the contribution of thermal and non-thermal emission to the X-ray spectrum at the rim of the remnant to study how the acceleration processes affect the X-ray emitting plasma.
Methods. We perform a spatially resolved spectral analysis of a set of regions covering the entire rim of the shell and we apply our results in producing a count-rate image of the “pure” thermal emission of SN 1006 in the 0.5-0.8 keV energy band (subtracting the non-thermal contribution). This image differs significantly from the total image in the same band, especially close to the bright limbs.
Results. We find that thermal X-ray emission can be associated with the ejecta and study the azimuthal variation in the physical and chemical properties of the ejecta by identifying anisotropies in the temperature and chemical composition. By employing our thermal image, we trace the position of the contact discontinuity over the entire shell and compare it with that expected from 3D MHD models of SNRs with an unmodified shock.
Conclusions. We conclude that the shock is modified everywhere in the rim and that the aspect angle between the interstellar magnetic field and the line of sight is significantly lower than .
Key words: X-rays: ISM / ISM: supernova remnants / ISM: individual objects: SN 1006
© ESO, 2009