Volume 500, Number 3, June IV 2009
|Page(s)||1239 - 1247|
|Published online||11 March 2009|
The solar chromosphere at high resolution with IBIS
III. Comparison of Ca II K and Ca II 854.2 nm imaging
INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, 50125 Firenze, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 National Solar Observatory, PO Box 62, Sunspot nm 88349, USA
Accepted: 13 February 2009
Aims. Filtergrams obtained in Ca II H, Ca II K, and Hα are often employed as diagnostics of the solar chromosphere. The vastly disparate appearance between the typical filtergrams in these different lines calls into question the nature of what is actually being observed. We investigate the lack of obvious structures of magnetic origin such as fibrils and mottles in on-disk Ca II H and K images.
Methods. We directly compare a temporal sequence of classical Ca II K filtergrams with a co-spatial and co-temporal sequence of spectrally resolved Ca II 854.2 images obtained with the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer (IBIS), considering the effect of both the spectral and spatial smearing. We analyze the temporal behavior of the two series by means of Fourier analysis.
Results. The lack of fine magnetic structuring in Ca II K filtergrams, even with the narrowest available filters, is due to observational effects, primarily contributions from the bright, photospheric wings of the line that swamp the small and dark chromospheric structures. Signatures of fibrils remain, however, in the temporal evolution of the filtergrams, in particular with the evidence of magnetic shadows around the network elements. The Ca II K filtergrams do not appear, however, to properly reflect the high-frequency behavior of the chromosphere. Using the same analysis, we find no significant chromospheric signature in the Hinode/SOT Ca II H quiet-Sun filtergrams.
Conclusions. The picture provided by Hα and Ca II 854.2, which show significant portions of the chromosphere dominated by magnetic structuring, appears to reflect the true and essential nature of the solar chromosphere. Data that do not resolve this aspect, whether spatially or spectrally, may misrepresent the behavior the chromosphere.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: magnetic fields / instrumentation: high angular resolution / line: formation / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2009
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.