Volume 500, Number 2, June III 2009
|Page(s)||L1 - L4|
|Published online||13 May 2009|
Letter to the Editor
Strong [CII] emission at high redshift *,**
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via di Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
3 Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan
4 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
5 European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
7 INFN, Sezione di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 21 April 2009
We report the detection of the [Cii]157.74 μm fine-structure line in the lensed galaxy BRI 0952-0115 at , using the APEX telescope. This is the first detection of the [Cii] line in a source with at high redshift. The line is much stronger than previous [Cii] detections at high-z (a factor of 5–8 higher in flux), partly due to the lensing amplification. The ratio is 10-2.9, which is higher than observed in local galaxies with similar infrared luminosities. Together with previous observations of [Cii] at high redshift, our result suggests that the [Cii] emission in high-redshift galaxies is enhanced relative to local galaxies with the same infrared luminosity. This finding may result from selection effects of the few current observations of [Cii] at high redshift and, in particular, from non detections that may not have been published (although the few published upper limits are still consistent with the [Cii] enhancement scenario). If the trend is confirmed with larger samples, it would indicate that high-z galaxies are characterized by different physical conditions than for their local counterparts. Regardless of the physical origin of the trend, this effect would increase the potential of the [Cii]158 μm line to search and characterize high-z sources.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: ISM / submillimeter / infrared: galaxies
© ESO, 2009
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