VLBI observations of the CORALZ sample: young radio sources at low redshift
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
2 Square Kilometre Array Program Development Office, Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
3 Istituto di Radioastronomia - INAF, via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
4 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Accepted: 20 December 2008
Context. Young radio-loud active galactic nuclei form an important tool to investigate the evolution of extragalactic radio sources. To study the early phases of expanding radio sources, we have constructed CORALZ, a sample of 25 compact (θ < 2″) radio sources associated with nearby (z < 0.16) galaxies.
Aims. In this paper we determine the morphologies, linear sizes, and place first constraints on the lobe expansion speeds of the sources in the sample.
Methods. We observed the radio sources from the CORALZ sample with MERLIN at 1.4 GHz or 1.6 GHz, the EVN at 1.6 GHz, and global VLBI at 1.6 GHz and/or 5.0 GHz.
Results. Radio maps, morphological classifications, and linear sizes are presented for all sources in the CORALZ sample. We have determined a first upper limit to the expansion velocity of one of the sources, which is remarkably low compared to the brighter GPS sources at higher redshifts, indicating a relation between radio luminosity and expansion speed, in agreement with analytical models. In addition we present further strong evidence that the spectral turnovers in GPS and CSS sources are caused by synchrotron self-absorption (SSA): the CORALZ sources are significantly offset from the well-known correlation between spectral peak frequency and angular size, but this correlation is recovered after correcting for the flux-density dependence, as predicted by SSA theory.
Key words: galaxies: active / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2009