The planet-hosting subdwarf B star V 391 Pegasi is a hybrid pulsator*
Institut für Astrophysik, Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Max-Planck-Straße 2, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
3 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
4 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 19 December 2008
Context. A noticeable fraction of subdwarf B stars shows either short-period (p-mode) or long-period (g-mode) luminosity variations, with two objects so far known to exhibit hybrid behaviour, i.e. showing both types of modes at the same time. The pulsating subdwarf B star V 391 Pegasi (or HS 2201+2610), which is close to the two known hybrid pulsators in the log g–Teff plane, has recently been discovered to host a planetary companion.
Aims. In order to learn more about the planetary companion and its possible influence on the evolution of its host star (subdwarf B star formation is still not well understood), an accurate characterisation of the host star is required. As part of an ongoing effort to significantly improve the asteroseismic characterisation of the host star, we investigate the low-frequency behaviour of HS 2201+2610.
Methods. We obtained rapid high signal-to-noise photometric CCD (B-filter) and PMT (clear-filter) data at 2 m-class telescopes and carried out a careful frequency analysis of the light curves.
Results. In addition to the previously known short-period luminosity variations in the range 342 s–367 s, we find a long-period variation with a period of 54 mn and an amplitude of 0.15 per cent. This can most plausibly be identified with a g-mode pulsation, so that HS 2201+2610 is a new addition to the short list of hybrid sdB pulsators.
Conclusions. Along with the previously known pulsating subdwarf B stars HS 0702+6043 and Balloon 090100001 showing hybrid behaviour, the new hybrid HS 2201+2610 is the third member of this class. This important property of HS 2201+2610 can lead to a better characterisation of this planet-hosting star, helping the characterisation of its planetary companion as well. Current pulsation models cannot yet reproduce hybrid sdBV stars particularly well and improved pulsation models for this object have to include the hybrid behaviour.
Key words: subdwarfs / stars: horizontal-branch / stars: oscillations / stars: individual: HS 2201+2610
© ESO, 2009