Correlation between the spatial distribution of circumstellar disks and massive stars in the young open cluster NGC 6611 *
II. Cluster members selected with Spitzer/IRAC
Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Universitá di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
Accepted: 2 December 2008
Context. The observations of the proplyds in the Orion Nebula Cluster, exhibiting clear evidence of ongoing photoevaporation, have provided clear proof of the role of externally induced photoevaporation in the evolution of circumstellar disks. NGC 6611 is an open cluster suitable for study of disk photoevaporation, due to its significant population of massive members and stars with disk. In a previous paper, we obtained evidence of the influence of the strong UV field generated by the massive cluster members on the evolution of disks around low-mass Pre-Main Sequence members. Our study was based on a multiband BVIJHK and X-ray catalog compiled for the purpose of selecting cluster members with and without disk.
Aims. We attempt to complete the list of candidate cluster members, using data at longer wavelengths obtained with Spitzer/IRAC, and we reinvestigate the effects of UV radiation on the evolution of disks in NGC 6611.
Methods. In a field of view of 33'34' centered on the cluster, we select the candidate members with disks of NGC 6611 using IRAC color–color diagrams and suitable reddening-free color indices. Using the X-ray data to select Class III cluster members, we also estimate disks frequency relative to the intensity of the incident radiation emitted by massive members.
Results. We identify 458 candidate members with circumstellar disks, among which 146 had not been discovered previously. By comparing all color indices used to select cluster members with disk, we claim that these indices measure the excess of radiation due to the emission of the same physical region of the disk (i.e. the inner rim at the dust sublimation radius). Our new results confirm that UV radiation from massive stars affects the evolution of nearby circumstellar disks.
Key words: stars: formation / planetary systems: protoplanetary disks / stars: pre-main sequence / infrared: stars / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6611
© ESO, 2009