Volume 494, Number 2, February I 2009
|Page(s)||515 - 525|
|Published online||11 December 2008|
VLT/FORS1 spectrophotometry of the first planetary nebula discovered in the Phoenix dwarf galaxy
ESO Chile, A. de Cordova 3107, Santiago, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
2 STScI, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Str., London, UK e-mail: email@example.com
4 IAC, c/ via Lactea s/n, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
5 LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France e-mail: Daniel.Pequignot@obspm.fr
Accepted: 3 November 2008
Context. A planetary nebula (PN) candidate was discovered during FORS imaging of the Local Group dwarf galaxy Phoenix.
Aims. We use this PN to complement abundances from red-giant stars.
Methods. FORS spectroscopy was used to confirm the PN classification. Empirical methods and photoionization modeling were used to derive elemental abundances from the emission line fluxes and to characterize the central star.
Results. For the elements deemed most reliable for measuring the metallicity of the interstellar medium (ISM) from which the PN formed, [O/H] ~ -0.46 and [Ar/H] ~ -1.03. [O/H] has lower measurement errors but greater uncertainties due to the unresolved issue of oxygen enrichment in the PN precursor star.
Conclusions. Earlier than 2 Gyr ago (the lower limit of the derived age for the central star) the ISM had –0.008, a range slightly more metal-rich than the one provided by stars. Comparing our PN-to-stellar values to surveys of other dwarf Local Group galaxies, Phoenix appears to be an outlier.
Key words: galaxies: dwarf / ISM: planetary nebulae: individual: PN Phoenix J01:51:05.46-44:26:55.28 / galaxies: individual: Phoenix
© ESO, 2009
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