Stellar tracers of the Cygnus Arm*
II. A young open cluster in Camelopardalis OB3
Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad of Alicante, Apdo. 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 10 October 2008
Context. Cam OB3 is the only defined OB association believed to belong to the outer Galactic arm or Cygnus arm. Very few members have been observed and the distance modulus to the association is not well known.
Aims. We attempt a more complete description of the population of Cam OB3 and a better determination of its distance modulus.
Methods. We present uvby photometry of the area surrounding the O-type stars BD +56°864 and LS I +57°138, finding a clear sequence of the early-type stars that define an uncatalogued open cluster, which we call Alicante 1. We also present spectroscopy of stars in this cluster and the surrounding association.
Results. From the spectral types for 18 very likely members of the association and photometry found in the literature, we derive individual reddenings, finding a extinction law close to standard and an average distance modulus ± 0.4. This value is in excellent agreement with the distance modulus to the new cluster Alicante 1 found by fitting the photometric sequence to the ZAMS. In spite of the presence of several O-type stars, Alicante 1 is a very sparsely populated open cluster, with an almost total absence of early B-type stars.
Conclusions. Our results definitely confirm that Cam OB3 is located on the Cygnus arm and identify the first open cluster known to belong to the association.
Key words: stars: early-type / stars: distances / Galaxy: structure / open clusters and associations: individual: Cam OB3 / stars: Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) and C-M diagrams / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2008