Volume 492, Number 1, December II 2008
|Page(s)||145 - 162|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||15 October 2008|
The nature and evolution of Nova Cygni 2006 *,**,***
INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, via dell'Osservatorio 8, 36012 Asiago (VI), Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 AAVSO, 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3 ANS Collaboration, c/o Osservatorio Astronomico, via dell'Osservatorio 8, 36012 Asiago (VI), Italy
4 Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, Apartado de Correos 321, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
Accepted: 8 September 2008
Aims. Nova Cyg 2006 has been intensively observed throughout its full outburst. We investigate the energetics and evolution of the central source and of the expanding ejecta, their chemical abundances and ionization structure, and the formation of dust.
Methods. We recorded low, medium, and/or high-resolution spectra (calibrated into accurate absolute fluxes) on 39 nights, along with 2353 photometric measures on 313 nights, and complemented them with IR data from the literature.
Results. The nova displayed initially the normal photometric and spectroscopic evolution of a fast nova of the FeII-type. Pre-maximum, principal, diffuse-enhanced, and Orion absorption systems developed in a normal way. After the initial outburst, the nova progressively slowed its fading pace until the decline reversed and a second maximum was reached (eight months later), accompanied by large spectroscopic changes. Following the rapid decline from second maximum, the nova finally entered the nebular phase and formed optically thin dust. We performed a photo-ionization analysis of the emission-line spectrum during the nebular phase, which showed a strong enrichment of the ejecta in nitrogen and oxygen, and none in neon, in agreement with theoretical predictions for the estimated 1.0 white dwarf in Nova Cyg 2006. The similarities with the poorly investigated V1493 Nova Aql 1999a are discussed.
Key words: stars: dwarf novae / stars: individual: V2362 Cyg
Table [see full text] and Figs. [see full text], [see full text], [see full text]-[see full text] are only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Full Table [see full text] is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/492/145
© ESO, 2008
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