Low-resolution spectroscopy and spectral energy distributions of selected sources towards σ Orionis
Dpto. de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de Física, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Avenida Vía Láctea, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Spain
3 University of Central Florida, Dept. of Physics, PO Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385, USA
Accepted: 2 September 2008
Aims. We study in detail nine sources in the direction of the young σ Orionis cluster, which is considered to be a unique site for studying stellar and substellar formation. The nine sources were selected because of their peculiar properties, such as extremely-red infrared colours or excessively strong Hα emission for their blue optical colours.
Methods. We acquired high-quality, low-resolution spectroscopy () of the nine targets with ALFOSC at the Nordic Optical Telescope. We also re-analysed -band photometry from MIPS/Spitzer and compiled the highest quality photometric dataset available at the passbands and the four IRAC/Spitzer channels, for constructing accurate spectral energy distributions between 0.55 and 24 μm.
Results. The nine targets were classified into: one Herbig Ae/Be star with a scattering edge-on disc; two G-type stars; one X-ray flaring, early-M, young star with chromospheric Hα emission; one very low-mass, accreting, young spectroscopic binary; two young objects at the brown-dwarf boundary with the characteristics of classical T Tauri stars; and two emission-line galaxies, one undergoing star formation, and another whose spectral energy distribution is dominated by an active galactic nucleus. We also discovered three infrared sources associated with overdensities in a cold cloud of the cluster centre.
Conclusions. Low-resolution spectroscopy and spectral energy distributions are a vital tool for measuring the physical properties and evolution of young stars and candidates in the σ Orionis cluster.
Key words: stars: emission-line, Be / stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs / stars: pre-main sequence / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: σ Orionis / galaxies: quasars: emission lines
© ESO, 2008