Volume 490, Number 2, November I 2008
|Page(s)||817 - 821|
|Published online||17 September 2008|
Another forbidden solar oxygen abundance: the [O I] 5577 Å line
Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal e-mail: email@example.com
2 Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, Mt. Stromlo Observatory, Weston ACT 2611, Australia
3 Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Postfach 1317, 85741 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 20 August 2008
Context. Recent works with improved model atmospheres, line formation, atomic and molecular data, and detailed treatment of blends have resulted in a significant downward revision of the solar oxygen abundance.
Aims. Considering the importance of the Sun as an astrophysical standard and the current conflict of standard solar models using the new solar abundances with helioseismological observations we have performed a new study of the solar oxygen abundance based on the forbidden [O I] line at 5577.34 Å, not previously considered.
Methods. High-resolution (R > 500 000), high signal-to-noise ( > 1000) solar spectra of the [O I] 5577.34 Å line have been analyzed employing both three-dimensional (3D) and a variety of 1D (spatially and temporally averaged 3D, Holweger & Müller, MARCS and Kurucz models with and without convective overshooting) model atmospheres.
Results. The oxygen abundance obtained from the [O I] 5577.3 Å forbidden line is almost insensitive to the input model atmosphere and has a mean value of log = 8.71 ± 0.02 (σ from using the different model atmospheres). The total error (0.07 dex) is dominated by uncertainties in the log gf value (0.03 dex), apparent line variation (0.04 dex) and uncertainties in the continuum and line positions (0.05 dex).
Conclusions. The oxygen abundance derived here is close to the 3D-based estimates from the two other [O I] lines at 6300 and 6363 Å, the permitted O I lines and vibrational and rotational OH transitions in the infrared. Our study thus supports a low solar oxygen abundance (log 8.7), independent of the adopted model atmosphere.
Key words: Sun: abundances / Sun: photosphere / line: identification / molecular data
© ESO, 2008
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