Volume 490, Number 1, October IV 2008
|Page(s)||279 - 286|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||25 August 2008|
VV Puppis in a low state: secondary-star irradiation or stellar activity?*
European Southern Observatory (ESO) Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
2 NOAO, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Lowell Observatory, Planetary Research Center, 1400 W. Mars Hill Rd., Flagstaff, AZ, USA e-mail: email@example.com
4 Dept. of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
5 Australian National University, Australia e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 6 August 2008
Aims. Emission lines in polars show complex profiles with multiple components that are typically ascribed to the accretion stream, threading region, accretion spot, and the irradiated secondary-star. In low-state polars the fractional contribution by the accretion stream, and the accretion spot is greatly reduced offering an opportunity to study the effect of the secondary-star irradiation or stellar activity. We observed VV Pup during an exceptional low-state to study and constrain the properties of the line-forming regions and to search for evidence of chromospheric activity and/or irradiation.
Methods. We obtained phase-resolved optical spectra at the ESO VLT+FORS1 with the aim of analyzing the emission line profile and radial velocity as a function of the orbital period. We also tailored irradiated secondary-star models to compare the predicted and the observed emission lines and to establish the nature of the line-forming regions.
Results. Our observations and data analysis, when combined with models of the irradiated secondary-star, show that, while the weak low ionization metal lines (FeI and MgI) may be consistent with irradiation processes, the dominant Balmer H emission lines, as well as NaI and HeI, cannot be reproduced by the irradiated secondary-star models. We favor the secondary-star chromospheric activity as the main forming region and cause of the observed H, NaI, and He emission lines, though a threading region very close to the L1 point cannot be excluded.
Key words: novae, cataclysmic variables / line: profiles / stars: chromospheres / stars: individiual: VV Puppis
© ESO, 2008
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