Evolution of stellar collision products in open clusters *
II. A grid of low-mass collisions
Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht, Postbus 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
Accepted: 4 June 2008
In a companion paper we studied the detailed evolution of stellar collision products that occurred in an N-body simulation of the old open cluster M 67 and compared our detailed models to simple prescriptions. In this paper we extend this work by studying the evolution of the collision products in open clusters as a function of mass and age of the progenitor stars. We calculated a grid of head-on collisions covering the section of parameter space relevant for collisions in open clusters. We create detailed models of the merger remnants using an entropy-sorting algorithm and follow their subsequent evolution during the initial contraction phase, through the main sequence and up to the giant branch with our detailed stellar evolution code. We compare the location of our models in a colour-magnitude diagram to the observed blue straggler population of the old open clusters M 67 and NGC 188 and find that they cover the observed blue straggler region of both clusters. For M 67, collisions need to have taken place recently. Differences between the evolution tracks of the collision products and normal main sequence stars can be understood quantitatively using a simple analytic model. We present an analytic recipe that can be used in an N-body code to transform a precomputed evolution track for a normal star into an evolution track for a collision product.
Key words: stars: blue stragglers / stars: formation / methods: numerical / methods: N-body simulations / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general
© ESO, 2008