Absolute dimensions of eclipsing binaries. XXVI.*
Setting a new standard: Masses, radii, and abundances for the F-type systems AD Bootis, VZ Hydrae, and WZ Ophiuchi
Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark e-mail: email@example.com
2 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3 School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, 2006 NSW, Australia
4 Nordic Optical Telescope Scientific Association, Apartado 474, 38 700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
5 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV47AL, UK
Accepted: 5 April 2008
Context. Accurate mass, radius, and abundance determinations from binaries provide important information on stellar evolution, fundamental to central fields in modern astrophysics and cosmology.
Aims. We aim to determine absolute dimensions and abundances for the three F-type main-sequence detached eclipsing binaries AD Boo, VZ Hya, and WZ Oph and to perform a detailed comparison with results from recent stellar evolutionary models.
Methods. uvby light curves and standard photometry were obtained with the Strömgren Automatic Telescope at ESO, La Silla, radial velocity observations at CfA facilities, and supplementary high-resolution spectra with ESO's FEROS spectrograph. State-of-the-art methods were applied for the analyses: the EBOP and Wilson-Devinney binary models, two-dimensional cross-correlation and disentangling, and the VWA abundance analysis tool.
Results. Masses and radii that are precise to 0.5–0.7% and 0.4–0.9%, respectively, have been established for the components, which span the ranges of 1.1 to 1.4 and 1.1 to 1.6 . The abundances are from –0.27 to +0.10, with uncertainties between 0.07 and 0.15 dex. We find indications of a slight α-element overabundance of for WZ Oph. The secondary component of AD Boo and both components of WZ Oph appear to be slightly active. Yale-Yonsai and Victoria-Regina evolutionary models fit the components of AD Boo and VZ Hya almost equally well, assuming coeval formation, at ages of about 1.75/1.50 Gyr (AD Boo) and 1.25/1.00 Gyr (VZ Hya). BaSTI models, however, predict somewhat different ages for the primary and secondary components. For WZ Oph, the models from all three grids are significantly hotter than observed. A low He content, decreased envelope convection coupled with surface activity, and/or higher interstellar absorption would remove the discrepancy, but its cause has not been definitively identified.
Conclusions. We have demonstrated the power of testing and comparing recent stellar evolutionary models using eclipsing binaries, provided their abundances are known. The strongest limitations and challenges are set by Teff and interstellar absorption determinations, and by their effects on and correlation with abundance results.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: binaries: close / stars: binaries: eclipsing / techniques: photometric / techniques: spectroscopic
Based on observations carried out at the Strömgren Automatic Telescope (SAT) and the 1.5 m and 2.2 m telescopes at ESO, La Silla, Chile (62.L-0284, 63.H-0080, 71.D-0554); the 1.5 m Wyeth reflector at the Oak Ridge Observatory, Harvard, Massachusetts, USA; the 1.5-m Tillinghast reflector and the Multiple Mirror Telescope at the F. L. Whipple Observatory, Mt. Hopkins, Arizona.
© ESO, 2008