A deep INTEGRAL hard X-ray survey of the 3C 273/Coma region
ISDC, Geneva Observatory, University of Geneva, ch. d'Écogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland e-mail: Stephane.Paltani@obs.unige.ch
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton S017 1BJ, UK
Accepted: 29 April 2008
We present an analysis of the deepest hard X-ray survey to date of about 2500 deg2 performed by the IBIS instrument on board INTEGRAL in the 20-60 keV band, with a total exposure time of 4 Ms. We find 34 candidate sources, for which we try to find counterparts at other wavelengths. The ratio of Seyfert 1 to Seyfert 2 is significantly more than the ratio found in the optical. This effect may be explained in the framework of the receding-torus model, but could also be due to absorption columns large enough to affect the 20-60 keV band. None of the predicted Compton-thick objects with 1024 < < 1025 cm-2 is detected unambiguously; when taking lower limits on into account, the fraction of these objects is found to be lower than 24%. We do not see, but cannot exclude, a relationship between absorption and luminosity similar to what is seen in the 2-10 keV band. Our data suggests the possibility of a lack of objects with 1021 ≤ ≤ 1022 cm-2, which could be expected if absorption has two origins, for instance a torus-like structure and the host galaxy. We find that the Log N-Log S diagram of our sources is compatible with those obtained in other surveys in hard X-rays. Compared to models of the AGN population selected in the 2-10 keV band, the Log N-Log S diagram is generally in good agreement, but the distribution is significantly different, with significantly less unabsorbed sources ( < 1022 cm-2) at a given flux limit compared to the models. In this survey, we resolve about 2.5% of the cosmic X-ray background in the 20-60 keV band. We also study the local hard X-ray luminosity function, which is compatible with what is found in other recent hard X-ray surveys. The characteristic luminosity Log is found to be a factor about 5 lower than the value observed in the 2-10 keV band. We find a space density of 10-3 AGN with per Mpc3 and a corresponding luminosity density of 0.9 1039 erg s-1 Mpc-3.
Key words: surveys / galaxies: active / galaxies: seyfert / X-rays: diffuse background / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2008