Multiwavelength studies of the gas and dust disc of IRAS 04158+2805*
Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland e-mail: email@example.com;firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, CNRS/UJF UMR 5571, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
3 School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK
4 Astronomy Department, UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA 947209-3411, USA
5 Caltech-JPL/IPAC, Mail Code 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Accepted: 14 April 2008
We present a study of the circumstellar environment of IRAS 04158+2805 based on multi-wavelength observations and models. Images in the optical and near-infrared, a polarisation map in the optical, and mid-infrared spectra were obtained with VLT-FORS1, CFHT-IR, and Spitzer-IRS. Additionally we used an X-ray spectrum observed with Chandra. We interpret the observations in terms of a central star surrounded by an axisymmetric circumstellar disc, but without an envelope, to test the validity of this simple geometry. We estimate the structural properties of the disc and its gas and dust content. We modelled the dust disc with a 3D continuum radiative transfer code, MCFOST, based on a Monte-Carlo method that provides synthetic scattered light images and polarisation maps, as well as spectral energy distributions. We find that the disc images and spectral energy distribution narrowly constrain many of the disc model parameters, such as a total dust mass of 1.0-1.7510-4 and an inclination of 62°-63°. The maximum grain size required to fit all available data is of the order of 1.6-2.8 μm although the upper end of this range is loosely constrained. The observed optical polarisation map is reproduced well by the same disc model, suggesting that the geometry we find is adequate and the optical properties are representative of the visible dust content. We compare the inferred dust column density to the gas column density derived from the X-ray spectrum and find a gas-to-dust ratio along the line of sight that is consistent with the ISM value. To our knowledge, this measurement is the first to directly compare dust and gas column densities in a protoplanetary disc.
Key words: stars: circumstellar matter / stars: pre-main-sequence / stars: individual: IRAS 04158+2805 / stars: formation / stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary discs
Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii. Based also on data collected at ESO/VLT during observation program 68-C.0171.
© ESO, 2008