Statistical properties of SZ and X-ray cluster detections
ITA, Zentrum für Astronomie, Universität Heidelberg, Albert Überle Str. 2, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Max Planck Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, 85478 Garching, Germany
3 Max Planck Institut für Astrophysik, 85478 Garching, Germany
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
5 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
6 INFN-National Institute for Nuclear Physics, Sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 29 February 2008
Aims. We calibrate the number density, completeness, reliability, and the lower mass limit of galaxy-cluster detections through their thermal SZ signal and compare them to X-ray cluster detections.
Methods. We simulate maps of the thermal SZ effect and the X-ray emission from light cones constructed in a large, hydrodynamical, cosmological simulation volume, including realistic noise contributions. The maps are convolved with linear, optimised, single- and multi-band filters to identify local peaks and their signal-to-noise ratios. The resulting peak catalogues are then compared to the halo population in the simulation volume to identify true and spurious detections.
Results. Multi-band filtering improves the statistics of SZ cluster detections considerably compared to single-band filtering. Observations with the characteristics of ACT detect clusters with masses M ≥ 6-91013 , quite independent of redshift, reach 50% completeness at ~1014 and 100% completeness at ~21014 . Samples are contaminated by a few spurious detections, but they are only a small percentage of all detections. This is broadly comparable to X-ray cluster detections with XMM-Newton with 100 ks exposure time in the soft band, except that the mass limit for X-ray detections increases much more steeply with redshift than for SZ detections. A comparison of true and filtered signals in the SZ and X-ray maps confirms that the filters introduce at most a negligible bias.
Key words: cosmology: theory / cosmology: cosmic microwave background / galaxies: clusters: general / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / methods: N-body simulations
© ESO, 2008