The galaxy luminosity function and its evolution with Chandra
Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa & V. Pavlou, Penteli 152 36, Greece e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 1 September 2007
Aims.We have compiled one of the largest normal-galaxy samples ever to probe X-ray luminosity function evolution separately for early and late-type systems.
Methods.We selected 207 normal galaxies up to redshift , with data from four major Chandra X-ray surveys, namely the Chandra deep fields (north, south and extended) and XBootes, and a combination of X-ray and optical criteria. We used template spectral energy-distribution fitting to obtain separate early- and late-type sub-samples, made up of 101 and 106 systems, respectively. For the full sample, as well as the two sub-samples, we obtained luminosity functions using both a non-parametric and a parametric, maximum-likelihood method.
Results.For the full sample, the non-parametric method strongly suggests luminosity evolution with redshift. The maximum-likelihood estimate shows that this evolution follows , ± 0.3. For the late-type sub-sample, we obtained . We detected no significant evolution in the early-type sub-sample. The distributions of early and late-type systems with redshift show that late types dominate at and hence drive the observed evolution for the total sample.
Conclusions.Our results support previous results in X-ray and other wavebands, which suggests luminosity evolution with .
Key words: surveys / galaxies: luminosity function, mass function / X-rays: galaxies / X-rays: binaries
© ESO, 2008