Volume 479, Number 2, February IV 2008
|Page(s)||321 - 334|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||12 December 2007|
Clustering properties of a type-selected volume-limited sample of galaxies in the CFHTLS*
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 96822, Hawaii
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
4 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12, France
5 Canada-France-Hawaii telescope, 65-1238 Mamalahoa Highway, Kamuela, HI 96743, USA
6 Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 20 November 2007
We present an investigation of the clustering of the faint () field galaxy population in the redshift range . Using 100 000 precise photometric redshifts extracted from galaxies in the four ultra-deep fields of the Canada-France Legacy Survey, we construct a set of volume-limited galaxy samples. We use these catalogues to study in detail the dependence of the amplitude Aw and slope δ of the galaxy correlation function w on absolute MB rest-frame luminosity, redshift, and best-fitting spectral type (or, equivalently, rest-frame colour). Our derived comoving correlation lengths for magnitude-limited samples are in excellent agreement with measurements made in spectroscopic surveys. Our main conclusions are as follows: 1. the comoving correlation length for all galaxies with declines steadily from to ; 2. at all redshifts and luminosity ranges, galaxies with redder rest-frame colours have clustering amplitudes from two and three times higher than bluer ones; 3. for both the red and blue galaxy populations, the clustering amplitude is invariant with redshift for bright galaxies (); 4. at for less luminous galaxies with we find higher clustering amplitudes of ~ Mpc; 5. the relative bias between redder and bluer rest-frame populations increases gradually towards fainter magnitudes. Among the most important implications of these results is that although the full galaxy population traces the underlying dark matter distribution quite well (and is therefore quite weakly biased), redder, older galaxies have clustering lengths that are almost invariant with redshift are quite strongly biased by .
Key words: cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe / galaxies: photometry / cosmology: observations
Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/DAPNIA, at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Science de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at TERAPIX and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS.
© ESO, 2008
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