Faint arc-minute extended radio emission around Cygnus X-3
Grupo de Investigación FQM-322, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas s/n, Edif. A3, 23071 Jaén, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Departamento de Física, EPS, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas s/n, Edif. A3, 23071 Jaén, Spain e-mail: [jmarti;jcombi;ajmunoz]@ujaen.es
3 Dpto. de Ing. Mecánica y Minera, EPS, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas s/n, Edif. A3, 23071 Jaén, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
4 Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès, 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
5 Astrophysics, Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 22 November 2007
Aims.We revisit the vicinity of the microquasar Cygnus X-3 at radio wavelengths. We aim to improve our previous search for possible associated extended radio features/hot spots in the position angle of the Cygnus X-3 relativistic jets focusing on shorter angular scales than previously explored.
Methods.Our work is mostly based on analyzing modern survey and archive radio data, mainly including observations carried out with the Very Large Array and the Ryle Telescopes. We also used deep near-infrared images that we obtained in 2005.
Results.We present new radio maps of the Cygnus X-3 field computed after combining multi-configuration Very Large Array archive data at 6 cm and different observing runs at 2 cm with the Ryle Telescope. These are probably among the deepest radio images of Cygnus X-3 reported to date at cm wavelengths. Both interferometers reveal an extended radio feature within a few arc-minutes of the microquasar position, thus making our detection more credible. Moreover, this extended emission is possibly non-thermal, although this point still needs confirmation. Its physical connection with the microquasar is tentatively considered under different physical scenarios. We also report on the serendipitous discovery of a likely Fanaroff-Riley type II radio galaxy only away from Cygnus X-3.
Key words: stars: individual: Cygnus X-3 / radio continuum: stars / X-rays: binaries
© ESO, 2008