Letter to the Editor
Variable VHE gamma-ray emission from non-blazar AGNs
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy, jointly supported by CNRS and MPG
3 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 4, Ireland
Accepted: 6 December 2007
Context.The observation of rapidly variable very high energy (VHE) gamma-rays from non-aligned active galactic nuclei (AGNs), as reported from M 87, proves challenging for conventional theoretical acceleration and emission models.
Aims.Motivated by recent work on pulsar-type particle acceleration in M 87 (Neronov & Aharonian 2007, ApJ, 671, 85), we re-examine the centrifugal acceleration of particles by rotating jet magnetospheres in the vicinity of accreting supermassive black hole systems and analyze the energy constraints imposed for highly underluminous systems.
Methods.The maximum Lorentz factor for centrifugally accelerated electrons in the presence of inverse Compton losses, and the associated characteristic variability time scale, are determined. Applications are presented for conditions expected to be present in the radio galaxy M 87, assuming accretion onto the central black hole to occur in an advection-dominated (ADAF) mode.
Results.We show that for a highly underluminous source like M 87, centrifugally accelerated electrons may reach Lorentz factors up to , allowing inverse Compton (Thomson) upscattering of sub-mm disk photons to the TeV regime. Upscattering of Comptonized disk photons results in a flat TeV spectrum with spectral index . The characteristic variability time scale is of the order , which in the case of M 87 corresponds to 1.7 d for a typical light cylinder radius of .
Conclusions.Centrifugal acceleration could provide a natural explanation for the challenging VHE emission features in M 87. Our results suggest that some advection-dominated accreting (non-blazar) AGNs could well be observable VHE emitting sources.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: jets / radiation mechanism: non-thermal / gamma rays: theory / galaxies: individual: M 87
© ESO, 2008