Signature of mass supply to quiet coronal loops
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing, PR China e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 30 November 2007
Aims.The physical implication of large blue shift of Ne viii in the quiet Sun region is investigated in this paper.
Methods.We compare the significant Ne viii blue shifts, which are visible as large blue patches on the Doppler-shift map of a middle-latitude quiet-Sun region observed by SUMER, with the coronal magnetic-field structures as reconstructed from a simultaneous photospheric magnetogram by means of a force-free-field extrapolation.
Results.We show for the first time that coronal funnels also exist in the quiet Sun. The region studied contains several small funnels that originate from network lanes, expand with height and finally merge into a single wide open-field region. However, the large blue shifts of the Ne viii line are not generally associated with funnels. A comparison between the projections of coronal loops onto the solar -plane and the Ne viii dopplergram indicates that there are some loops that reveal large Ne viii blue shifts in both legs, and some loops with upflow in one and downflow in the other leg.
Conclusions.Our results suggest that strong plasma outflow, which can be traced by large Ne viii blue shift, is not necessarily associated with the solar wind originating in coronal funnels but appears to be a signature of mass supply to coronal loops. Under the assumption that the measured Doppler shift of the Ne viii line represents the real outflow velocity of the neon ions being markers of the proton flow, we estimate the mass supply rate to coronal loops to be about 1034 s-1.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: transition region / Sun: UV radiation / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: solar wind
© ESO, 2008