Interstellar C/C from CH+ absorption lines: results from an extended survey *
ZAH, Landessternwarte Königstuhl, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: O.Stahl@lsw.uni-heidelberg.de
2 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
3 ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Postfach 2024, 53010 Bonn, Germany
Accepted: 9 November 2007
Context.The 12C/13C isotope ratio in the interstellar medium (ISM) and its evolution with time are important tracers of stellar yields. Spatial variations in this ratio can be used to study mixing in the ISM.
Aims.We want to determine this ratio and its spatial variations in the local ISM from CH+ absorption lines in the optical towards early-type stars. The aim is to determine the average value for the local ISM and to study possible spatial variations.
Methods.We observed a large number of early-type stars with Feros to extend the sample of suitable target stars for CH+ isotope studies. The best-suited targets were observed with the Uves instrument with a higher signal-to-noise ratio and spectral resolution to determine the isotope ratio from the interstellar CH+ lines. This study significantly expands the number of 13CH+ detections.
Results.We find an average ratio of or, for , . The scatter in f is . This finding strengthens the case for chemical inhomogeneity in the local ISM, with important implications for the mixing in the ISM. Given the large scatter, the present-day value in the ISM is not significantly larger than the solar value, which is assumed to correspond to the local value 4.5 Gyr ago.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules / ISM: evolution / Galaxy: evolution / Galaxy: abundances
© ESO, 2008