The soft X-ray properties of AGN from the CJF sample *
A correlation analysis between soft X-ray and VLBI properties
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 ASTRON, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
4 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
5 Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, MS 3F3, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
7 California Institute of Technology, Department of Astronomy, 105-24, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
8 University of Manchester, Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories, Jodrell Bank, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK11 9 DL, UK
Accepted: 2 October 2007
Context.We present the soft X-ray properties obtained in the ROSAT All-Sky survey and from pointed PSPC observations for the AGN in the complete flux-density limited Caltech-Jodrell Bank flat spectrum sample (hereafter CJF). CJF is a VLBI survey (VLBA observations at 5 GHz) of 293 AGN with detailed information on jet component motion.
Aims.We investigate and discuss the soft X-ray properties of this AGN sample and examine the correlations between X-ray and VLBI properties, test beaming scenarios, and search for the discriminating properties between the sub-samples detected and not detected by ROSAT.
Methods.Comparing the observed and the predicted X-ray fluxes by assuming an Inverse Compton (IC) origin for the observed X-rays, we compute the beaming or Doppler factor, , for the CJF sources and compare it with the equipartition Doppler factor, . We further contrast the Doppler factors with other beaming indicators derived from the VLBI observations, such as the value of the expansion velocity, and the observed and intrinsic brightness temperature. We calculate two different core dominance parameters (R): the ratio of total VLBI flux to single-dish flux, RV, and the ratio of the VLBI core-component flux to single-dish flux, RC. In addition, we investigate the large-scale radio structure of the AGN and the difference between the pc- and kpc-scale structure (misalignment) with regard to the X-ray observations.
Results.We find a nearly linear relation between X-ray and radio luminosities, and a similar but less stringent behaviour for the relation between optical and X-ray luminosities. The CJF-quasars show faster apparent motions and larger values of than the radio galaxies do. The quasars detected by ROSAT have a different -redshift relationship compared to the non-detected ones. We find no significant difference in R between the quasars detected and not detected by ROSAT. We find evidence that R is larger for quasars and BL Lac objects than it is for radio galaxies, in accordance with unification scenarios. ROSAT-detected sources tend to reveal extended large-scale radio structures more often.
Conclusions.We conclude that beaming alone cannot explain the observed dichotomy of ROSAT detection or non-detection and assume that the large-scale jet structure plays a decisive role.
Key words: instrumentation: interferometers / galaxies: active / X-rays: galaxies / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2007