Spatially extended polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in circumstellar disks around T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars *,**
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
2 Hubble Fellow, Division of GPS, Mail Code 150-21, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
3 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'Observatoire de Grenoble, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
4 Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Accepted: 11 September 2007
Aims.Our aim is to determine the presence and location of the emission from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) towards low and intermediate mass young stars with disks using large aperture telescopes.
Methods.VLT-VISIR N-band spectra and VLT-ISAAC and VLT-NACO L-band spectra of 29 sources are presented, spectrally resolving the 3.3, 8.6, 11.2, and 12.6 μm PAH features. Spatial-extent profiles of the features and the continuum emission have been derived and used to associate the PAH emission with the disks. The results are discussed in the context of recent PAH-emission disk models.
Results.The 3.3, 8.6, and 11.2 μm PAH features are detected toward a small fraction of the T Tauri stars, with typical upper limits between 1 10-15 and 5 10-17 W m-2. All 11.2 μm detections from a previous Spitzer survey are confirmed with (tentative) 3.3 μm detections, and both the 8.6 and the 11.2 μm features are detected in all PAH sources. For 6 detections, the spatial extent of the PAH features is confined to scales typically smaller than 0.12-0.34'', consistent with the radii of 12-60 AU disks at their distances (typically 150 pc). For 3 additional sources, WL 16, HD 100546, and TY CrA, one or more of the PAH features are more extended than the hot dust continuum of the disk, whereas for Oph IRS 48, the size of the resolved PAH emission is confirmed as smaller than for the large grains. For HD 100546, the 3.3 μm emission is confined to a small radial extent of 12±3 AU, most likely associated with the outer rim of the gap in this disk. Gaps with radii out to 10-30 AU may also affect the observed PAH extent for other sources. For both Herbig Ae and T Tauri stars, the small measured extents of the 8.6 and 11.2 μm features are consistent with larger (≥100 carbon atoms) PAHs.
Key words: stars: pre-main sequence / planetary systems: protoplanetary disks / circumstellar matter / astrochemistry
Based on observations obtained at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile, within the observing programs 164.I-0605 (ISAAC May 2002), 074.C-0413 (NACO, March/April 2005), 075.C-0420 (ISAAC August 2005), 077.C-0668 (VISIR/ISAAC April/May 2006).
© ESO, 2007