The star pile in Abell 545*
Departamento de Física, Casilla 160-C, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;email@example.com
2 UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Gemini Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
4 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile e-mail: email@example.com
5 Argelander Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 September 2007
Context.Struble (1988, ApJ, 330, L25) found what appeared to be a cD halo without cD galaxy in the center of the galaxy cluster Abell 545. This remarkable feature has been passed almost unnoticed for nearly twenty years.
Aims.Our goal is to review Struble's claim by providing a first (preliminary) photometric and spectroscopic analysis of this “star pile”.
Methods.Based on archival VLT-images and long-slit spectra obtained with Gemini-GMOS, we describe the photometric structure and measure the redshift of the star pile and of the central galaxy.
Results.The star pile is indeed associated with Abell 545. Its velocity is higher by about 1300 km s-1 than that of the central object. The spectra indicate an old, presumably metal-rich population. Its brightness profile is much shallower than that of typical cD-galaxies.
Conclusions.The formation history and the dynamical status of the star pile remain elusive, until high S/N spectra and a dynamical analysis of the galaxy cluster itself become available. We suggest that the star pile might provide an interesting test of the Cold Dark Matter paradigm.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: A 545 / galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: intergalactic medium
Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (UK), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), CNPq (Brazil) and CONICET (Argentina). Also based on observations taken at the European Southern Observatory, Cerro Paranal, Chile; ESO program 70.B-440(A).
© ESO, 2007