Max-Planck-Institute für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85740 Garching bei München, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 27 July 2007
We present results of an all-sky hard X-ray survey based on almost four years of observations with the IBIS telescope onboard the INTEGRAL observatory. The dead time-corrected exposure of the survey is ~33 Ms. Approximately 12% and 80% of the sky has been covered to limiting fluxes lower than 1 and 5 mCrab, respectively. Our catalog of detected sources includes 403 objects, 316 of which exceed a detection threshold on the time-averaged map of the sky, and the rest were detected in various subsamples of exposures. Among the identified sources, 219 are Galactic (90 low-mass X-ray binaries, 76 high-mass X-ray binaries, 21 cataclysmic variables, 6 coronally active stars, and other types) and 137 are extragalactic, including 130 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and 3 galaxy clusters. We derived number-flux functions of AGNs and Galactic sources. The log N–log S relation of non-blazar AGNs is based on 68 sources located at Galactic latitudes > 5°, where the survey is characterized by high identification completeness, with fluxes higher than Slim = 1.1 10-11 erg s-1 cm-2(~0.8 mCrab) in the 17-60 keV energy band. The cumulative AGN number-flux function can be described by a power law with a slope of 1.62 ± 0.15 and normalization of (5.7±0.7) 10-3 sources per deg2 at fluxes > 1.43 10-11 erg s-1 cm-2(>1 mCrab). Those AGNs with fluxes higher than Slim make up ~1% of the cosmic X-ray background at 17-60 keV. We present evidence of strong inhomogeneity in the spatial distribution of nearby (70 Mpc) AGNs, which reflects the large-scale structure in the local Universe.
Key words: surveys / X-rays: general / Galaxy: general / galaxies: Seyfert / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe
Based on observations with INTEGRAL, an ESA project with the instruments and science data center funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Spain), Czech Republic, and Poland, and with the participation of Russia and the USA.
© ESO, 2007