Volume 475, Number 1, November III 2007
|Page(s)||83 - 99|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||04 September 2007|
The spatial clustering of mid-IR selected star forming galaxies at z ~ 1 in the GOODS fields
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM – CNRS – Université Paris Diderot, DAPNIA/SAp, Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Mail Stop 220-6, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
4 National Optical Astronomy Observatory, PO Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726, USA
5 University of Massachusetts, Astronomy Dept, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
6 Max-Planck Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany
7 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
8 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
Accepted: 27 July 2007
We present the first spatial clustering measurements of , 24 μm-selected, star forming galaxies in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS). The sample under investigation includes 495 objects in GOODS-South and 811 objects in GOODS-North selected down to flux densities of Jy and mag, for which spectroscopic redshifts are available. The median redshift, IR luminosity and star formation rate (SFR) of the sample are , , and yr-1, respectively. We measure the projected correlation function on scales of Mpc, from which we derive a best fit comoving correlation length of Mpc and slope of for the whole Jy sample after combining the two fields. We find indications of a larger correlation length for objects of higher luminosity, with Luminous Infrared Galaxies (LIRGs, ) reaching Mpc. This would imply that galaxies with larger SFRs are hosted in progressively more massive halos, reaching minimum halo masses of ~ for LIRGs. We compare our measurements with the predictions from semi-analytic models based on the Millennium simulation. The variance in the models is used to estimate the errors in our GOODS clustering measurements, which are dominated by cosmic variance. The measurements from the two GOODS fields are found to be consistent within the errors. On scales of the GOODS fields, the real sources appear more strongly clustered than objects in the Millennium-simulation based catalogs, if the selection function is applied consistently. This suggests that star formation at is being hosted in more massive halos and denser environments than currently predicted by galaxy formation models. Mid-IR selected sources appear also to be more strongly clustered than optically selected ones at similar redshifts in deep surveys like the DEEP2 Galaxy Redshift Survey and the VIMOS-VLT Deep Survey (VVDS), although the significance of this result is when accounting for cosmic variance. We find that LIRGs at are consistent with being the direct descendants of Lyman Break Galaxies and UV-selected galaxies at , both in term of number densities and clustering properties, which would suggest long lasting star-formation activity in galaxies over cosmological timescales. The local descendants of star forming galaxies are not luminous IR galaxies but are more likely to be normal, ellipticals and bright spirals.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2007
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