Quark-nova remnants *
I. The leftover debris with applications to SGRs, AXPs, and XDINs
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 24 July 2007
We explore the formation and evolution of debris ejected around quark stars in the Quark Nova scenario, and the application to Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters (SGRs) and Anomolous X-ray Pulsars (AXPs). If an isolated neutron star explodes as a Quark Nova, an iron-rich shell of degenerate matter forms from its crust. This model can account for many of the observed features of SGRs and AXPs such as: (i) the two types of bursts (giant and regular); (ii) the spin-up and spin-down episodes during and following the bursts with associated increases in ; (iii) the energetics of the boxing day burst, SGR1806+20; (iv) the presence of an iron line as observed in SGR1900+14; (v) the correlation between the far-infrared and the X-ray fluxes during the bursting episode and the quiescent phase; (vi) the hard X-ray component observed in SGRs during the giant bursts, and (vii) the discrepancy between the ages of SGRs/AXPs and their supernova remnants. We also find a natural evolutionary relationship between SGRs and AXPs in our model which predicts that the youngest SGRs/AXPs are the most likely to exhibit strong bursting. Many features of X-ray Dim Isolated Neutron stars (XDINs) are also accounted for in our model such as, (i) the two-component blackbody spectra; (ii) the absorption lines around 300 eV; and (iii) the excess optical emission.
Key words: dense matter / accretion, accretion disks / stars: pulsars: general / X-rays: bursts / elementary particles
© ESO, 2007