Be stars and binaries in the field of the SMC open cluster NGC 330 with VLT-FLAMES*
GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot; place Jules Janssen 92195 Meudon Cedex, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Observatorio Astronómico de Valencia, edifici Instituts d'investigació, Poligon la Coma, 46980 Paterna Valencia, Spain
Accepted: 27 June 2007
Aims.Observations of hot stars belonging to the young cluster SMC-NGC 330 and its surrounding region were obtained with the VLT-GIRAFFE facilities in MEDUSA mode. We investigated the B and Be star properties and proportions in this environment of low metallicity. We also searched for rapid variability in Be stars using photometric databases.
Methods.Using spectroscopic measurements, we characterized the emission and properties of Be stars. By cross-correlation with photometric databases such as MACHO and OGLE, we searched for binaries in our sample of hot stars, as well as for short-term variability in Be stars.
Results. We report on the global characteristics of the Be star sample (131 objects). We find that the proportion of early Be stars with a large equivalent width of the Hα emission line is higher in the SMC than in the LMC and MW. We find a slight increase in the proportion of Be stars compared to B-type stars with decreasing metallicity. We also discovered spectroscopic and photometric binaries, and for the latter we give their orbital period. We identify 13 Be stars with short-term variability. We determine their period(s) and find that 9 Be stars are multiperiodic.
Key words: stars: early-type / stars: emission-line, Be / galaxies: Magellanic Clouds / stars: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: binaries: eclipsing / stars: oscillations
© ESO, 2007