Volume 470, Number 3, August II 2007
|Page(s)||1071 - 1077|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||25 May 2007|
8.4 GHz VLBI observations of SN 2004et in NGC 6946
Departament d'Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, c/ Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, València, Spain e-mail: I.Marti-Vidal@uv.es
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, c/ Camino bajo de Huétor 50, 18008 Granada, Spain
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Postfach 2024, 53010 Bonn, Germany
4 Jodrell Bank Observatory, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK11 9DL, UK
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS 51, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
6 Department of Physics, Marquette University, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881, USA
7 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, PO Box O, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
8 Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7210, Washington, DC 20375-5320, USA
9 Department of Optics & Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged 6720, Hungary
Accepted: 22 May 2007
We report on 8.4 GHz very-long-baseline-interferometry (VLBI) observations of the type II-P supernova SN 2004et in the spiral galaxy NGC 6946, made on 20 February 2005 (151 days after explosion). The Very Large Array (VLA) flux density was 1.23 ± 0.07 mJy, corresponding to an isotropic luminosity at 8.4 GHz of (4.45 ± 0.3) 1025 erg s-1 Hz-1 and a brightness temperature of (1.3 ± 0.3) 108 K. We also provide an improved source position, accurate to about 0.5 mas in each coordinate. The VLBI image shows a clear asymmetry. From model fitting of the size of the radio emission, we estimate a minimum expansion velocity of 15 700 ± 2000 km s-1. This velocity is more than twice the expected mean expansion velocity estimated from a synchrotron self-absorbed emission model, thus suggesting that synchrotron self-absorption is not relevant for this supernova. With the benefit of an optical spectrum obtained 12 days after explosion, we favor an emission model which consists of two hot spots on an underlying expanding shell of width comparable to that of SN 1993J.
Key words: galaxies: individual: NGC 6946 / radio continuum: stars / stars: supernovae: individual: SN 2004et
© ESO, 2007
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