GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France e-mail: Elisabetta.Caffau@obspm.fr
2 Università degli Studi di Trieste, Dipartimento di Astronomia, Via Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
3 CIFIST Marie Curie Excellence Team
4 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
5 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
Accepted: 11 April 2007
Context.Unlike silicon and calcium, sulphur is an α-element that does not form dust. Some of the available observations of the evolution of sulphur with metallicity indicate an increased scatter of sulphur-to-iron ratios at low metallicities or even a bimodal distribution, with some stars showing constant S/Fe at all metallicities and others showing an increasing S/Fe ratio with decreasing metallicity. In metal-poor stars S i lines of Multiplet 1 at 920 nm are not yet too weak to permit the measurement of the sulphur abundance A(S); however, in ground-based observations they are severely affected by telluric lines.
Aims.We investigate the possibility of measuring sulphur abundances from S iMult. 3 at 1045 nm lines. These lie in the near infrared and are slightly weaker than those of Mult. 1, but lie in a range not affected by telluric lines.
Methods.We investigated the lines of Mult. 3 in the Sun (G2V), Procyon (F5V), HD 33256 (F5V), HD 25069 (G9V), and ϵ Eri (HD 22049, K2V). For the Sun and Procyon the analysis was performed with CO5BOLD 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres, while the three other stars, for which hydrodynamical simulations are not available, were analysed using 1D model atmospheres.
Results.For our sample of stars we find a global agreement between A(S) from lines of different multiplets.
Conclusions.Our results suggest that the infrared lines of Mult. 3 are a viable indicator of the sulphur abundance that, because of the intrinsic strength of this multiplet, should be suitable for studying the trend of [S/Fe] at low metallicities.
Key words: Sun: abundances / stars: abundances / Galaxy: abundances / hydrodynamics / line: formation / radiative transfer
© ESO, 2007