Large-N expansions applied to gravitational clustering
Service de Physique Théorique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 26 January 2007
We develop a path-integral formalism to study the formation of large-scale structures in the universe. Starting from the equations of motion of hydrodynamics (single-stream approximation) we derive the action which describes the statistical properties of the density and velocity fields for Gaussian initial conditions. Then, we present large-N expansions (associated with a generalization to N fields or with a semi-classical expansion) of the path-integral defined by this action. This provides a systematic expansion for two-point functions such as the response function and the usual two-point correlation. We present the results of two such expansions (and related variants) at one-loop order for a SCDM and a ΛCDM cosmology. We find that the response function exhibits fast oscillations in the non-linear regime with an amplitude which either follows the linear prediction (for the direct steepest-descent scheme) or decays (for the 2PI effective action scheme). On the other hand, the correlation function agrees with the standard one-loop result in the quasi-linear regime and remains well-behaved in the highly non-linear regime. This suggests that these large-N expansions could provide a good framework to study the dynamics of gravitational clustering in the non-linear regime. Moreover, the use of various expansion schemes allows one to estimate their range of validity without the need of N-body simulations and could provide a better accuracy in the weakly non-linear regime.
Key words: gravitation / cosmology: theory / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe
© ESO, 2007