Cosmology with wide-field SZ cluster surveys: selection and systematic effects
CEA/DSM/DAPNIA, CE Saclay, Bât 141, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Universidad de Concepción, Astronomy group, Casilla 160-c, Concepción, Chile
Accepted: 15 January 2007
The cosmological potential of large-scale structure observations for cosmology have been extensively discussed in the litterature. In particular, it has recently been shown how Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) cluster surveys can be used to constrain dark energy parameters. In this paper, we study whether selection and systematics effects will limit future wide-field SZ surveys from achieving their cosmological potential. For this purpose, we use a sky simulation and an SZ-cluster detection software presented in Pires et al. (2006, A&A, 455, 741), using the future Olimpo survey as a concrete example. We show that the SZ-cluster selection function and contamination of SZ-cluster catalogues are more complex than is usually assumed. In particular, the simulated field-to-field detected cluster counts variance can be a factor 3 larger than the expected Poisson fluctuations. We also study the impact of missing redshift information and of the uncertainty of the scaling relations for low mass clusters. We quantify, through hypothesis tests, how near-future SZ experiments can be used to discriminate between different structure formation models. Using a maximum likelihood approach, we then study the impact of these systematics on the joint measurement of cosmological models and of cluster scaling relations.
Key words: cosmology: cosmological parameters / large-scale structure of Universe / cosmic microwave background / galaxies: clusters: general
© ESO, 2007