H I study of extremely metal-deficient dwarf galaxies
I. The Nançay radio telescope observations of twenty-two objects
Special Astrophysical Observatory RAS, Nizhnij Arkhyz, Karachai-Circassia, 369167 Russia e-mail: email@example.com
2 Observatoire de Paris, GEPI, 5 place J. Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
3 Observatoire de Paris, USN, route de Souesmes, 18330 Nançay, France
Accepted: 6 December 2006
Aims.The goal of this study is to measure parameters of the integrated emission for twenty-two dwarf galaxies with oxygen abundance 12+ (O/H) in the range of 7.42 to 7.65, which are representatives of the eXtremely Metal-Deficient (XMD) galaxy group. Some of them are expected to be similar to the well-known candidates for local young galaxies, I Zw 18 and SBS 0335-052 that have most of their baryon mass in the form of neutral gas. Therefore, the 21-cm line observations are crucial to understanding their group and individual properties.
Methods.The Nançay Radio Telescope (NRT) with the upgraded focal receiver was used for observations of the 21-cm -line. This permitted the detection of the faintest sources with rms of ~1 mJy per 10.5 km s-1 resolution element.
Results.For eighteen detected galaxies we present the parameters of their integrated line emission and describe the data on individual objects in more detail. For four undetected XMD galaxies, we give upper limits on their M(). For 70% of the twenty studied non-LSB (low surface brightness) XMD galaxies, we find evidence (both from and optical data) for their interaction with neighboring objects. In the brief discussion of the group properties of the observed subsample (the total O/H range is of 0.23 dex, or a factor of 1.7), we underline the broad distributions of the mass (range is of 2 orders of magnitude), of the ratio M()/LB (of 1 order of magnitude), and of the blue luminosity (range is of 2 orders of magnitude). We also obtained parameters of six galaxies that do not belong to the XMD sample. As a by-product, we have detected an -object with 188 km s-1, which is probably a part of a new high-velocity cloud (HVC 234.3-16.8+208) near our Galaxy, in the direction of AM 0624–261.
Conclusions.These data increase the number of XMD galaxies with known integrated parameters (or upper limits) by a factor of two. This allows us to address statistical properties of this group, which will be presented in a forthcoming paper.
Key words: galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: abundances / radio lines: ISM / galaxies: starburst
© ESO, 2007