Volume 462, Number 2, February I 2007
|Page(s)||591 - 597|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters, and populations|
|Published online||13 November 2006|
VIII. King 21, NGC 3293, NGC 5999, NGC 6802, NGC 6830, Ruprecht 44, Ruprecht 115, and Ruprecht 120
Institut für Astronomie der Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Wien, Austria e-mail: Martin.Netopil@univie.ac.at
2 Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía CSIC, Apartado 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
4 Institute of Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 136, 4700 Smolyan, Bulgaria
Accepted: 4 October 2006
Context.We continue our survey of magnetic chemically peculiar (CP2) stars in galactic open clusters to shed more light on their origin and evolution.
Aims.To study the group of CP2 stars, it is essential to find these objects in different galactic environments and at a wide range of evolutionary stages. The knowledge of open cluster ages and metallicities can help for finding a correlation between these parameters and the (non-)presence of peculiarities, which has to be taken into account in stellar evolution models.
Methods.The intermediate band photometric system samples the depth of the 5200 Å flux depression by comparing the flux at the centre with the adjacent regions with bandwidths of 110 Å to 230 Å. It is capable of detecting magnetic CP2 and CP4 stars with high efficiency, but also the groups of (metal-weak) λ Bootis and classical Be/shell stars can be successfully investigated. In addition, it allows the age, reddening, and distance modulus to be determined with appropriate accuracy by fitting isochrones.
Results.From the 1677 observed members of the eight open clusters, one Ae and twenty-five CP2 stars were identified. Furthermore nineteen deviating stars are designated as questionable for several reasons. The estimated age, reddening, and distance for the programme clusters were compared with published values of the literature and discussed in this context.
Conclusions.The current paper shows that CP2 stars are continuously present in very young (7 Myr) to intermediate age (500 Myr) open clusters at distances greater than 2 kpc from the Sun.
Key words: stars: chemically peculiar / stars: early-type / techniques: photometric / open clusters and associations: general
Based on observations at CASLEO, CTIO (Proposal 2003A-0057), and OSN. The Observatorio de Sierra Nevada is operated by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas through the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Granada, Spain).
Photometric data are only avaialable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/462/591
© ESO, 2007
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