Volume 457, Number 1, October I 2006
|Page(s)||157 - 166|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||12 September 2006|
HH135/HH136 – a luminous H2 outflow towards a high-mass protostar
Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 May 2006
Context.Molecular hydrogen observations towards Herbig-Haro objects provide the possibility of studying physical processes related to star formation.
Aims.Observations towards the luminous IRAS source IRAS 11101-5928 and the associated Herbig-Haro objects HH135/HH136 are obtained to understand whether high-mass stars form via the same physical processes as their low-mass counterparts.
Methods.Near-infrared imaging and spectroscopy are used to infer H2 excitation characteristics. A theoretical H2 spectrum is constructed from a thermal ro-vibrational population distribution and compared to the observations.
Results.The observations reveal the presence of a well-collimated, parsec-sized H2 outflow with a total H2 luminosity of about . The bulk of the molecular gas is characterized by a ro-vibrational excitation temperature of K. A small fraction (0.3%) of the molecular gas is very hot, with excitation temperatures around 5500 K. The molecular emission is associated with strong [FeII] emission. The H2 and [FeII] emission characteristics indicate the presence of fast, dissociative J-shocks at speeds of km s-1. Electron densities of –4000 cm-3 are inferred from the [FeII] line ratios.
Conclusions.The large H2 luminosity combined with the very large source luminosity suggests that the high-mass protostar that powers the HH135/HH136 flow forms via accretion, but with a significantly increased accretion rate compared to that of low-mass protostars.
Key words: ISM: individual objects: HH135 / ISM: individual objects: HH136 / ISM: Herbig-Haro objects / ISM: jets and outflows
© ESO, 2006
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