Time lag between prompt optical emission and γ-rays in GRBs
Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Physics, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Optics Building 201C, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
3 Space Science Laboratory, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, SD50, Huntsville, AL 35812, USA
4 Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 918-3, Beijing 100039, PR China
Accepted: 30 June 2006
Aims. The prompt optical emission contemporaneous with the γ-rays from γ-ray bursts (GRBs) carries important information on the central engine and explosion mechanism. We study the time lag between prompt optical emission and γ-rays in GRB 990123 and GRB 041219a, which are the only two GRBs detected at optical wavelengths during the ascending burst phase.
Methods. Assuming profiles of prompt optical light curves are the same as the prompt γ-rays, we simulate optical light curves with different time lags and compare them with the observed optical flux. Then the best fit time lag and its error are determined by chi-squared values.
Results. We find that time lags between prompt optical emission and γ-rays in GRB host galaxy rest-frames are consistent in the two GRBs, which is s for GRB 990123 and s for GRB 041219a. This result is consistent with a common origin of prompt optical and γ-ray emissions in the two GRBs. Based on synchrotron cooling model, we also derive the parameters for the two GRBs.
Key words: gamma rays: bursts / methods: data analysis
© ESO, 2006