Volume 455, Number 3, September I 2006
|Page(s)||791 - 801|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||16 August 2006|
Three-dimensional reconstruction of the intra-cluster medium
Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, ITA, Albert-Überle-Str. 2, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 May 2006
We propose and test a new method based on Richardson-Lucy deconvolution to reconstruct three-dimensional gas density and temperature distributions in galaxy clusters from combined X-ray and thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich observations. Clusters are assumed to be axially symmetric and arbitrarily inclined with respect to the line-of-sight. No equilibrium assumption other than local thermal equilibrium is needed. We test the algorithm with synthetic observations of analytically modeled and numerically simulated galaxy clusters and discuss the quality of the density and temperature reconstructions in idealised situations and in presence of observational noise, deviations from axial symmetry and cluster substructure. We find that analytic and numerical gas density and temperature distributions can be accurately reconstructed in three dimensions, even if observational noise is present. We also discuss methods for determining the inclination angle from data and show that it can be constrained using X-ray temperature maps. For a realistic cluster and including observational noise the three-dimensional reconstructions reach a level of accuracy of about 15%.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / submillimeter
© ESO, 2006
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