Volume 453, Number 3, July III 2006
|Page(s)||797 - 800|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||28 June 2006|
The Swift satellite and redshifts of long gamma-ray bursts
Laboratory for Information Technology, Eötvös University, 1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic e-mail: email@example.com
3 Konkoly Observatory, 1525 Budapest, POB 67, Hungary e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Department of Physics, Bolyai Military University, 1456 Budapest, POB 12, Hungary e-mail: email@example.com
5 Tautenburg Observatory, 07778 Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
6 Stockholm Observatory, AlbaNova, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden e-mail: [stefan;felix]@stro.su.se
7 Dept. of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab. University Park, PA 16802, USA e-mail: email@example.com
8 Rényi Institute of Mathematics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1364 Budapest, POB 127, Hungary e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 April 2006
Until 6 October 2005 sixteen redshifts had been measured of long gamma-ray bursts discovered by the Swift satellite. Further 45 redshifts have been measured of the long gamma-ray bursts discovered by other satellites. Here we perform five statistical tests comparing the redshift distributions of these two samples assuming as the null hypothesis an identical distribution for the two samples. Three tests (Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test) reject the null hypothesis at significance levels between 97.19 and 98.55%. Two different comparisons of the medians show extreme % significance levels of rejection. This means that the redshifts of the Swift sample and the redshifts of the non-Swift sample are distributed differently – in the Swift sample the redshifts are on average larger. This statistical result suggests that the long GRBs should on average be at the higher redshifts of the Swift sample.
Key words: gamma rays: bursts / cosmology: miscellaneous
© ESO, 2006
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