Volume 453, Number 2, July II 2006
|Page(s)||547 - 554|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters, and populations|
|Published online||16 June 2006|
VLT/UVES spectroscopy of individual stars in three globular clusters in the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700AV Groningen, The Netherlands e-mail: [bruno;etolstoy]@astro.rug.nl
2 Observatoire de Paris, GEPI CNRS UMR 8111, 2 Pl. Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France e-mail: [vanessa.hill;patrick.francois]@obspm.fr
3 Observatoire de Genève, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 12 March 2006
We present a high resolution (R ~ 43 000) abundance analysis of a total of nine stars in three of the five globular clusters associated with the nearby Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy. These three clusters (1, 2 and 3) trace the oldest, most metal-poor stellar populations in Fornax. We determine abundances of O, Mg, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Zn, Y, Ba, Nd and Eu in most of these stars, and for some stars also Mn and La. We demonstrate that classical indirect methods (isochrone fitting and integrated spectra) of metallicity determination lead to values of [Fe/H] which are 0.3 to 0.5 dex too high, and that this is primarily due to the underlying reference calibration typically used by these studies. We show that Cluster 1, with [Fe /H] = -2.5, now holds the record for the lowest metallicity globular cluster. We also measure an over-abundance of Eu in Cluster 3 stars that has only been previously detected in a subgroup of stars in M 15. We find that the Fornax globular cluster properties are a global match to what is found in their Galactic counterparts; including deep mixing abundance patterns in two stars. We conclude that at the epoch of formation of globular clusters both the Milky Way and the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy shared the same initial conditions, presumably pre-enriched by the same processes, with identical nucleosynthesis patterns.
Key words: stars: abundances / galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: star clusters
© ESO, 2006
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