Volume 452, Number 2, June III 2006
|Page(s)||551 - 559|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||22 May 2006|
The Herbig B0e star HD 53367: circumstellar activity and evidence of binarity
Pulkovo Observatory, Saint-Petersburg 196140, Russia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Saint-Petersburg Branch, Russia
3 Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Nauchny, Crimea 334413, Ukraine e-mail: [victor;oles;taya]@crao.crimea.ua
4 Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Crimean Branch, Ukraine
5 Departamento de Física – ICEx – UFMG, Belo Horizonte, Brazil e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 January 2006
Aims.We investigate the spectroscopic behaviour of the young B0e star HD 53367 within a cooperative observing programme conducted from 1994 to 2005.
Methods.The data include more than 100 high-resolution spectra collected at the Crimean Astronomical Observatory (CrAO) near Hα, Hβ, He i λ 5876, 6678 Å, DNa i, and O ii λ 6641 Å lines. Two spectra obtained at the Observatório do Pico dos Dias (LNA), in the spectral bands 4575–4725 Å and 5625–5775 Å, were used for spectral classification of HD 53367. The temporal behaviour of the circumstellar lines Hα and Hβ as well as the photospheric lines O ii λ 6641 Å and He i λ 6678 Å were investigated during different stages of the photometric activity of this object.
Results.We confirm that the long-term photometric variability of HD 53367 is related to the alternation of two states of this object when the gaseous circumstellar envelope disappears and rises again. Both these processes start near the star and spread to the outlying parts of the envelope. We find that the radial velocities of He i and O ii photospheric lines demonstrate a cyclic variability with a period of days and semi-amplitude km s-1. The radial velocity change is interpreted in the framework of a model in which the star is a component of an eccentric binary system. An orbital solution is derived and the system's parameters estimated. We find that the orbital eccentricity is , and the mean companion separation is 1.7 AU.
Conclusions.Based on the estimated parameters, we conclude that the system consists of a massive (~) main sequence primary B0e star, and a secondary which is most likely a 5 solar mass pre-main sequence object. We found evidence that the main part of the circumstellar gas in this system is concentrated near the secondary companion. Although the young age of HD 53367, its evolved primary B0e star seems to have already became a classical Be star exhibiting a specific alternation of the B–Be stages.
Key words: techniques: spectroscopic / stars: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: emission-line, Be / stars: individual: HD 53367 / stars: pre-main sequence
© ESO, 2006
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