Accurate photometry of extended spherically symmetric sources
Institut für Astrophysik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: M.Gieles@astro.uu.nl
3 Department of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield, S3 7R, UK e-mail: R.DeGrijs@sheffield.ac.uk
Accepted: 2 February 2006
We present a new method to derive reliable photometry of extended spherically symmetric sources from HST images (WFPC2, ACS/WFC and NICMOS/NIC2 cameras), extending existing studies of point sources and marginally resolved sources. We develop a new approach to accurately determine intrinsic sizes of extended spherically symmetric sources, such as star clusters in galaxies beyond the Local Group (at distances 20 Mpc), and provide a detailed cookbook to perform aperture photometry on such sources, by determining size-dependent aperture corrections (ACs) and taking sky oversubtraction as a function of source size into account. In an extensive Appendix, we provide the parameters of polynomial relations between the FWHM of various input profiles and those obtained by fitting a Gaussian profile (which we have used for reasons of computational robustness, although the exact model profile used is irrelevant), and between the intrinsic and measured FWHM of the cluster and the derived AC. Both relations are given for a number of physically relevant cluster light profiles, intrinsic and observational parameters. AC relations are provided for a wide range of apertures. Depending on the size of the source and the annuli used for the photometry, the absolute magnitude of such extended objects can be underestimated by up to 3 mag, corresponding to an error in mass of a factor of 15. We carefully compare our results to those from the more widely used DeltaMag method, and find an improvement of a factor of 3-40 in both the size determination and the AC.
Key words: Galaxy: globular clusters: general / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general / galaxies: star clusters / methods: data analysis
© ESO, 2006